Safer Alcohol Sales
These are policies that put cities in charge of the location and practices of alcohol retailers. Neighborhoods with high concentrations of alcohol sales are linked to more drinking and higher rates of violence and driving under the influence.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention linked 44% of all U.S. homicides with drinking. Policies that govern where, when and how alcohol may be sold in a neighborhood can reduce crime, increase safety, and decrease spending on health care and criminal justice.
CityHealth’s assessment of alcohol sales laws includes information about city-specific laws, along with the relevant county- and state-level laws that were passed by April 30, 2020.
Measuring big cities’ alcohol outlet zoning policies
|How did we award safer alcohol sales policies?||Silver Medal||Gold Medal|
|City has a law that applies to all alcohol sales, addresses public health and safety, and authorizes the city to close an alcohol retailer for failing to comply with the law.|
|City has a law that applies to some alcohol sales (such as only new retailers, or only retailers selling for off-premises consumption, e.g. grocery or convenience stores), addresses public health and safety, and authorizes the city to close an alcohol retailer for failing to comply with the law.|
Data Deep Dive
Data were created and maintained by the Center for Public Health Law Research, David Jernigan, PhD, and Ryan D. Treffers, JD.